Cyclostationary Noise Analysis of Superregenerative Oscillators

A rigorous analysis of noise effects in super regenerative oscillators (SRO) operating in linear mode is presented. The analysis takes into account the cyclostationary nature of the SRO response to the noise sources, due to the effect of the quench signal. It is based on the determination of an envelope-domain linear-time-variant (LTV) transfer function with respect to each noise source, plus the application of a detailed stochastic analysis of the SRO output. Initially, the autocorrelation of the output signal is calculated, which varies at two different time scales, and is periodic with respect to the quench signal, so it can be expressed in terms of the frequency-dependent harmonic components of the LTV transfer functions. This enables the calculation of the output spectral density, depending on these harmonic components. Once the spectral density is known, the signal-to-noise ratio can be obtained in a straightforward manner. The analysis method has been validated with both independent circuit-level simulations and measurements.